What do sumatriptan tablets do?
SUMATRIPTAN (Imitrex(R)) helps to relieve a migraine attack that starts with or without aura (a peculiar feeling or visual disturbance that warns you of an attack). Sumatriptan is not used to prevent migraine attacks.
What should my health care professional know before I take sumatriptan?
bowel disease or colitis
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
family history of heart disease
fast or irregular heart beat
headaches that are different from your usual migraine
heart or blood vessel disease, angina (chest pain), or previous heart attack
high blood pressure
history of stroke, transient ischemic attacks (TIAs or “mini-strokes”), or intracranial bleeding
postmenopausal or surgical removal of uterus and ovaries
shortness of breath
an unusual or allergic reaction to sumatriptan, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
pregnant or trying to get pregnant
How should I take this medicine?
Take sumatriptan tablets by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Sumatriptan is taken at the first symptoms of a migraine attack; it is not for everyday use. Swallow the tablets with a drink of water. If your migraine headache returns after one dose, you can take another dose as directed. You must leave at least 2 hours between doses, and do not take more than 100 mg as a single dose. Do not take more than 200 mg total in any 24 hour period. If there is no improvement at all after the first dose, do not take a second dose without talking to your prescriber or health care professional. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.
Contact your pediatrician or health care professional regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.
What if I miss a dose?
This does not apply, sumatriptan is not for regular use.
What other medicines can interact with sumatriptan?
amphetamine or cocaine
Do not take sumatriptan with any of the following medicines:
dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, eroloid mesylates, methysergide, or ergot-type medication – do not take within 24 hours of taking sumatriptan.
almotriptan, eletriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan, zolmitriptan – do not take within 24 hours of taking sumatriptan.
medicines for weight loss such as dexfenfluramine, dextroamphetamine, fenfluramine, or sibutramine
monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) such as phenelzine (Nardil(R)), tranylcypromine (Parnate(R)), isocarboxazid (Marplan(R)), and selegiline (Carbex(R), Eldepryl(R)) – do not take sumatriptan within 2 weeks of stopping MAOI therapy.
Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you take any of these medications:
cough syrup or other products containing dextromethorphan
medicines for mental depression or mental problems such as buspirone, citalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, mirtazapine, nefazodone, paroxetine, sertraline, trazodone, tricyclic antidepressants, or venlafaxine
St. John’s wort
Tell your prescriber or health care professional about all other medicines you are taking, including non-prescription medicines, nutritional supplements, or herbal products. Also tell your prescriber or health care professional if you are a frequent user of drinks with caffeine or alcohol, if you smoke, or if you use illegal drugs. These may affect the way your medicine works. Check with your health care professional before stopping or starting any of your medicines.
What side effects may I notice from taking sumatriptan?
chest or throat pain, tightness
Side effects that you should report to your prescriber or health care professional as soon as possible:
Rare or uncommon:
dizziness or faintness
fast, slow, or irregular heart beat
feeling of chest heaviness or pressure
increased or decreased blood pressure
severe stomach pain and cramping, bloody diarrhea
shortness of breath, wheezing, or difficulty breathing
tingling, pain, or numbness in the face, hands or feet
unusual reaction or swelling of the skin, eyelids, face, or lips
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your prescriber or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
change in taste
feeling warm, flushing, or redness of the face
muscle pain or cramps
nausea, vomiting, or stomach upset
tiredness or weakness