What do captopril tablets do?
CAPTOPRIL (Capoten(R)) is an antihypertensive (blood pressure lowering agent) known as an ACE inhibitor. Captopril controls high blood pressure (hypertension) by relaxing blood vessels; it is not a cure. High blood pressure levels can damage your kidneys, and may lead to a stroke or heart failure. Captopril also can help to treat heart failure (heart does not pump strongly enough) and certain kidney disorders. Generic captopril tablets are available.
What should my health care professional know before I take captopril?
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
• autoimmune disease or collagen-vascular disease (such as lupus)
• suppressed immune function
• previous swelling of the tongue, face, or lips with difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, or tightening of the throat (angioedema)
• bone marrow disease
• heart or blood vessel disease
• liver disease
• low blood pressure
• kidney disease
• if you are on a special diet, such as a low-salt diet
• an unusual or allergic reaction to captopril, other ACE inhibitors, foods, dyes, or preservatives
• pregnant or trying to get pregnant
How should I take this medicine?
Take captopril tablets by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Swallow the tablets with a drink of water. Take captopril on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking captopril except on your prescriber’s advice.
Contact your pediatrician or health care professional regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.
What if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
What other medicines can interact with captopril?
• antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen)
• aspirin and aspirin-like medicines
• medicines for diabetes
• medicines for high blood pressure
• potassium salts
• water pills
Tell your prescriber or health care professional about all other medicines you are taking, including non-prescription medicines, nutritional supplements, or herbal products. Also tell your prescriber or health care professional if you are a frequent user of drinks with caffeine or alcohol, if you smoke, or if you use illegal drugs. These may affect the way your medicine works. Check with your health care professional before stopping or starting any of your medicines.
What side effects may I notice from taking captopril?
Side effects that you should report to your prescriber or health care professional as soon as possible:
• chest pain, uneven or fast heart beat, palpitations
• decreased or increased amount of urine passed
• difficulty breathing, or difficulty swallowing
• dizziness, lightheadedness or fainting spells
• fever or chills
• numbness or tingling in your fingers or toes
• skin rash, itching
• swelling of your face, lips, or tongue
• swelling of your legs or ankles
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your prescriber or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
• loss of taste
• fatigue or tiredness
• increased sensitivity to the sun